TREND ANALYSIS OF HIV PREVALENCE IN THE HOHOE MUNICIPALITY OF GHANA, FROM 2013 TO 2017
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is known as one of the leading causes of death in the world. About 36.7 million people lived with HIV (including 1.8 million children), and about 1.0 million people died of HIV-related illnesses in 2016. About 25.5 million morbidities of HIV/AIDS were recorded in Sub-Saharan Africa. While more than 50% of new infections among children have been reduced, there is a significant rise of HIV new infection among young adults and adolescents. HIV new infections in Ghana was 20,148 in 2016, as compared to 12,000 in 2015. Volta region is one of the leading regions of HIV in Ghana, with 2.7% of new infections. This study aimed at determining the trends of HIV/AIDS prevalence among males and females, age groups and the urban and rural areas in the Hohoe Municipality from 2013 to 2017. A retrospective survey on HIV prevalence for 5 years (2013-2017) was carried out. Data were extracted from the HIV/AIDS unit database in the Hohoe Municipal Hospital from 2013 to 2017. The Stata version 14 by Stata Corp (LP, Texas, USA) was used to analyze the data for the study. The data were compared with District Health Information Management System (DHIMS 2) data to check accuracy and consistency. Excel 2013 was used to plot the actual observed cases by year to assess their trend and seasonality. Most of the people who routinely go to the facility to test for HIV from 2013 to 2017 represent 59.8% regardless of location. People within the age group 25-34 have the highest number of people tested for HIV, 1883 (29%). The overall number of female HIV positives (685) over the five years is more than twice that of the male figures (321). The findings indicate that HIV was higher (4.6% and 4.5%) among age groups 45+ and 35-44, respectively. Age groups 15-24 recorded the lowest prevalence, 1.1%. This study found that people in the rural areas who were tested are less likely to be HIV infected (OR = 0.1) than urban residents. This study shows that HIV prevalence among the sexually active age group was 7.6%.